Japan is one of the countries with the strictest food safety regulation in the world. At present, Japan has established a relatively complete food safety regulatory system, which is particularly prominent in the inspection and quarantine of imported food. Increasing understanding of the regulatory system for food safety in Japan and related laws and regulations will help China's food enterprises develop and expand the Japanese market and reduce the significant losses resulting from substandard product or label labeling issues.
Japan Food Safety Regulator
Japan's food safety regulatory agencies include the Food Safety Commission, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, the Consumer Agency. The current regulatory system for food quality safety supervision is mainly based on the CODEX risk analysis method. The risk analysis mainly includes risk management and risk assessment as well as risk communication. Among them, the risk management by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare jointly completed the risk assessment by the Food Safety Commission to complete the risk communication, by the three prefectures alone to complete the cooperation. The relationship between the food safety committee and the risk management department is shown in the following figure.
1, risk assessment system
The CFS was established in July 2003 and the CFS conducted a risk assessment, also known as the "Food Impact Health Assessment," which mainly deals with the hazards that may affect human health such as additives, pesticides and microorganisms in foods Sexual assessment. Specifically, to assess whether it affects human health and its extent. According to the results of the risk assessment, the Food Safety Commission will inform the relevant regulatory agency minister to take the appropriate food safety policy.
2, risk management system
Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries collaborate with each other to specify relevant standards and measures in different fields according to the results of risk assessment by the Food Safety Commission to share the risk management tasks.
3, risk communication
Risk communication is the process of risk analysis, risk assessment and risk management to improve food safety, including the exchange of consumers and businesses to share information and opinions. The Food Safety Committee conducts risk communication on the issues of national concern about risk assessment so that risk management and risk assessment can be effectively carried out.
Japanese food safety laws and regulations
Japan's laws and regulations guaranteeing food quality and safety consist of two basic laws and other relevant laws and regulations. The Basic Food Safety Law and the Food Sanitation Law are two basic laws. In addition to the above basic laws, food-related laws and regulations include the Genetically Modified Food Labeling Act, the Packaging Container Act, the Law on Banning Pesticides, the Law on Health Promotion, the Prevention of Poultry Infectious Diseases Act, Product ingredients specifications provincial "," Law of Agriculture and Forestry Materials Normalization (JAS Act) "," New Food Labeling Act "and so on.
1, "Food Sanitation Law"
This law was revised and implemented on May 30, 2003. It is the most important law in Japan to control the quality and safety of food and is applicable to both domestic and imported products. The law provides standards and compositional specifications for food and food additives, container packaging, pesticide residue standards, food labeling and advertisements, monitoring and guidance programs for imported food, and supervision and inspection of imported food products. It also stipulates domestic food production and processing , Circulation, vendors supervision and inspection of facilities and related penalties.
Under the new amendment to the Food Sanitation Law, Japan formally implemented the "List System for Determining Pesticide Residues of Food and Drugs" on May 29, 2006, which prohibits the circulation of foodstuffs such as pesticides that exceed a certain amount and have not set a residual limit system.
2, "Food Safety Basic Law"
In Japan, food poisoning, BSE (mad cow disease), abuse of unlicensed additives, counterfeiting of origin labeling and other incidents have successively occurred, causing a serious impact on food quality and safety. Since July 2003, the " Basic Law on Food Safety. The law clarifies the responsibilities and obligations of state and local public bodies, food-related operators and consumers in the area of food safety regulation. The responsibilities and obligations of national and local public bodies are comprehensively formulated to ensure the safety of foodstuffs. The vendors' Responsibility and obligation are the awareness of "ensuring food safety". In order to ensure the safety of food, the necessary measures are properly taken in all stages of the food supply process. Consumers have to grasp and understand food safety knowledge, and at the same time, they should fully demonstrate their opinions on food safety.
To sum up, on the basis of the existing food safety regulatory system, Japan will further strengthen the monitoring and management of imported food safety. In particular, the "New Food Labeling Law" promulgated on April 1, 2015 will re-amend the food labeling, The food enterprises that export to Japan should promptly pay attention to the update and revision of the laws and regulations in Japan so as to avoid any impact on the enterprises or sellers.