加入收藏

There are 12 food safety hotspots to arouse our reflection in 2015

2017-12-18

Guided by the State Food and Drug Administration and the China Association for Science and Technology, the 2015 China Food Science and Technology Association's "Science Communication for Food Safety Seminar" was held in Beijing. Experts from multi-disciplinary fields such as China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, China Academy of Inspection and Quarantine, China Agricultural University, Peking University, Beijing Technology and Business University, Jiangnan University, Tianjin University of Science and Technology and Nanjing Agricultural University We conducted a scientific interpretation of 12 food safety hotspots such as Food Safety Law, Genetically Modified Organisms, Red Meat, and Carnitas of Processing Meat Products.

Hotspot 1 Norovirus triggers childhood diarrhea

The company is located in:

From December 2014 to early 2015, the outbreak of Norovirus infectious diarrhea occurred in some provinces. Noroviruses (NoV) is an important foodborne virus that is still active at 60 ° C for 30 minutes and survives for several years at low temperatures. Can cause human acute gastroenteritis, annual incidence, high in winter; especially the elderly, children and frail patients. According to the FAO / WHO report, 12-47% of cases of food-borne virus diseases caused by food con***ination are related to norovirus and large-scale diseases have been caused in many countries and regions such as the United States, Australia, Canada and Europe outbreak.

The company is located in:

Norovirus strong virulence. Eating con***inated food (such as shellfish, strawberries, lettuce, etc.) or drinking water with lower concentrations of norovirus can cause infectious diseases with diarrhea as the main symptom. From 2010 to 2015, many cases of gastroenteritis caused by Norovirus con***inated drinking water occurred in Guangdong, Zhejiang and other places in China, especially in schools and kindergartens.

The company is located in:

Hot 2 Hot Spots on the interpretation

The company is located in:

Tan Bin researcher

The company is located in:

National Food Authority Academy of Sciences, deputy director of grain and oil processing research

The company is located in:

The true attribute of "spicy" is seasoning noodles, which is a popular convenience food favored by consumers. "Spicy" is also known as the flavor of noodles, gluten, etc., is a wet squeeze convenience foods (ie, seasoning noodles). "Hot Spicy" is a ready-to-eat food made from wheat flour as the main raw material, through ingredients, extrusion cooking (aging), forming, seasoning and packaging. Extrusion cooking process is a common food processing technology at home and abroad, is widely used in the production of breakfast cereals, casual convenience foods, etc. Therefore, it is safe in terms of the main raw materials and processing methods used.

The company is located in:

"Hot Spicy" is a traditional food from Hunan, Henan and other places developed in recent years, the rapid development of the industry. After preliminary statistics, "spicy" food industry with annual sales of nearly 50 billion, has become an important category of snack foods. The key to the safety of "spicy" industries is lagging standards. Due to the short development time of product category and lag of standard construction, there are no uniform industry standards or national standards for "hot strip" only in local standards of Hunan, Henan and other regions. At present, the Food and Drug Administration has defined it as seasoning products, which are included in convenience food management. Local food and drug regulatory authorities are urged to actively promote the establishment of local (local) standards. China Food Science and Technology Institute has also started the development of industry standards.

The company is located in:

Hot 3 "gold into the wine" public opinion on the timely response

The company is located in:

The company is located in:

In arly 2015, the official website of the State Health Planning Commission published the "Letter of Opinion from the General Office of the State Health and Family Planning Commission on Seeking Approval for New Gold Foil as a Food Additive," triggering social controversy and continuing public opinion fermentation.

The company is located in:

On the evening of February 4, the CCTV 13 newsroom broadcast a comprehensive report based on an interview with experts to clarify many misunderstandings and immediately quell the question of why gold foil wine and its safety should be questioned. However, the gold into the wine up to the "eight anti-tune with the Central" and "Health and Family Planning Commission what care intentions" and other scold WeChat flying. This example provides a good illustration of the risk-averse effect of new media. The result is an increase: consumer concerns about food safety, political-social pressures, and decreased trust / confidence. How to deal with and manage new media has become a new challenge in the field of risk communication.

The company is located in:

Hot 4: The "non-digestible instant noodles 32 hours" question

American scientists through the capsule endoscopic approach taken "processed food" and "no added food" was eaten into the stomach compared the situation and found that hand-noodles after 32 hours has been completely digested, instant noodles are still retained, not yet Completely digested. The instant noodles difficult to digest, because it added a variety of antioxidants, additives, long-term consumption of unhealthy.

The company is located in:

1, the digestive process does not mean that the difference will cause health hazards to the human body.

The company is located in:

(1) The same food with different processing methods, the role of the human body may be different ways.

The company is located in:


(2) The difference of the digestion process does not mean that it leads to food safety problems, but does not mean that it will cause health hazards to the human body.

The company is located in:

(3) "can not be completely digested" can not be equated with "unhealthy", otherwise not easy to digest food such as mushroom, fungus, etc. are not edible.

The company is located in:

2, There is a false proposition between video shooting and "32-hour inability to digest", which can not conclude that instant noodles are difficult to digest or harmful to health.

The company is located in:

(1) the endoscopic capsule used in the shooting shows the intestinal digestion after 2 hours), and each time the endoscope can record images for up to 8 hours, the digestion of the noodles can not be performed Continuous 32 hours of recording.

The company is located in:

(2) Only a total of two samples recorded in this filming have not undergone rigorous experimental design and it is difficult to draw scientific conclusions.

The company is located in:

(3) There is a difference in the digestibility of each person. Breden Guo, who presided over the experiment, acknowledged in an interview that it can not conclude that instant noodles are not digested or harmful to health.

The company is located in:

3, instant noodles and traditional hand-made main ingredients no difference, will not cause digestion and absorption problems.

The company is located in:

Instant noodles and hand-made noodles in the noodles, wake-up, cut and other processes and traditional kitchen noodle processing basically the same, except because of industrial-scale production, the traditional basin into a stainless steel container, hand rub into a machine Mixing, rolling.

The company is located in:

Instant noodles and traditional hand-made main ingredients no difference, will not cause digestion and absorption problems. Whether hot-air dried instant noodles or fried instant noodles, the drying temperature is lower than the processing temperature of most traditional fried foods (twist, prickly heat, fried dough sticks, etc.). Therefore, it will not produce more difficult to digest and absorb than traditional food.

The company is located in:

4, instant noodles is one of the representatives of industrialized food, the use of food additives in strict compliance with national standards, will not pose a hazard to human health.

The company is located in:

Hot 5: The new "Food Safety Law" implementation

The company is located in:

The new "Food Safety Law," the full text from the original 104 to 154, an increase of 50, amending the 80, up to 30,000 words. Known as the "history of the most stringent food safety law" in China's food safety The history of the rule of law has a new landmark in history, helping to restore Chinese consumer confidence in the food industry and food safety.

The company is located in:

The new "Food Safety Law" has made institutional innovations in four aspects: "risk management, whole-process governance, social governance and responsibility governance", reflecting the four bright spots. The new "Food Safety Law" reflects the consumers are most concerned about highly toxic pesticides, GM food labeling issues.

The company is located in:

Hot 6 "zombie meat" incident

The company is located in:

The term "zombie meat" is unscientific and should be defined as "smuggled, severely expired frozen meat." The essence of zombie meat is profit-driven doping, shoddy, and serious dishonesty, which is a violation of the government's crackdown, but expired meat, me***orphic meat, smuggled meat and dead meat are still common in the country Meat illegal.

The company is located in:

From a purely scientific point of view, the meat offenses do not necessarily bring about real health problems, but they are unacceptable because they deviate from the normal food safety management system. Smuggled frozen meat, including most of the "zombie meat", has not undergone formal inspection and quarantine and may carry the risk of bacteria or viruses. Overdue freezing and repeated freeze-thawing can reduce its nutritional value and processing characteristics.

The company is located in:

To crack down on meat illegalities including "zombie meat" is imperative. Food regulatory authorities need to step up efforts to crack down on smuggling, raise the legal system concept of enterprises and citizens, and establish an informational and traceable domestic meat market circulation and quality control system. On the other hand, it is necessary to solve it from the perspective of economic levers, strengthen domestic meat production and processing and regulate the supply of international meat import trade protection.

The company is located in:

Hot 7: "poisonous bean sprouts" series of cases first acquitted

The company is located in:

On June 16, 2015, People's Court of Lianshan District, Huludao City, Liaoning Province, made two verdicts on the guilty pleas for innocence of the defendants, namely, Kwak, Lu, both of them with a review of the production and sale of toxic and hazardous food. This is the first case of a series of "poisonous bean sprouts" cases were acquitted. The acquittal not only made a clear division between the boundaries of administrative law enforcement and criminal justice, but also played an important role in the adjudication of such cases.

The company is located in:

Sprouts mixed with 6 - benzyl adenine and other substances can not be identified as toxic and harmful non-food raw materials, which is the basis for making a verdict of innocence. The former Ministry of Health removed 6-benzyladenine from the list of food additives for process reasons and was not a safety concern. Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Health and Family Planning Commission jointly issued the "2015 No. 11" announcement "ban on bean sprouts producers use of these substances, and prohibit the operation of bean sprouts operators containing more than the bean sprouts." Clear the issue of "regulatory red line." Where the sprouts in the production and management of the process violates the above provisions by the food and drug regulatory, agriculture and other relevant departments in accordance with laws and regulations be dealt with.

The company is located in:

Letting the non-use matter be a management issue and whether it is a poisonous issue is a scientific issue. We can not simply draw an equal sign between "the substances that are forbidden to be used by the relevant departmental bulletins" and "poisonous and harmful substances".

The company is located in:

Hot 8 drinking "raw milk" safe?

"Raw milk" is the common name of raw milk that has not been processed by sterilization, homogenization and other processes. As a result of the homogenization process, the milk fat globules of fresh milk are larger, the fat aggregates and float after boiling, resulting in the sensory impression of "thick" and "strong flavor". After boiling, the sterilization is not thorough and the heat sensitive nutrients are damaged problem.

The company is located in:

"Fresh milk" microorganisms from the environment of E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, fungi, etc., and mainly from animals, such as Brucella, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other zoonotic pathogens . Self sterilization is not sufficient, unscientific problems, likely to cause food poisoning and zoonosis spread. The direct purchase of raw milk by consumers lacks necessary inspection links and is likely to drink raw milk that does not meet the national standards. In particular, people with low immunity risk a greater risk of infection.

The company is located in:

Hot 9 "red meat, processed meat products classified as carcinogens" storm

Meat is the main source of high-quality human intake of protein, is an important part of the human diet, IARC report on the meat-based diet in Western countries more useful for reference. There are no zero-risk substances in the world. The potential risk of any substance depends on the "dose-effect relationship." If we put aside the key premise of "dose," it is insignificant to talk about the carcinogenic risk of a substance alone. Processed meat products Listed as the same type 1 carcinogen as arsenic, only shows that the current evidence of possible carcinogenicity obtained for both is not about the same as the carcinogenic risk or the ability of both substances. Therefore, our consumers do not have to be nervous for the IARC's report.

The company is located in:

Hot 10: questioning "vegetable oil can cause cancer"

The company is located in:

The company is located in:

The word "cooking" in the original report was translated as "cooking" is not accurate, should be translated as "cooking." Cooking includes fried, fried, fried, steamed and other methods, which will make the fat aldehydes is mainly fried, the original experiment carried out is 180 ℃ frying experiment. The narrow cooking that is cooked rice, the temperature is only 100 ℃, will not form aldehydes.

The company is located in:

Fry frying aldehydes produced by different types, some have some harmful, such as malondialdehyde and acrolein. However, even with malondialdehyde and acrolein, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the World Health Organization (WHO), classifies them as "Category 3" substances, substances that have not yet been shown to have a direct carcinogenic effect on humans, It is not appropriate to call it a "carcinogen."

The company is located in:

Hot 11: On the foreign milk powder "with different quality" question

China has clear legal provisions and scientific norms for the sampling, testing and information dissemination of food products. In this incident, the German testing agency purchased samples from the market, whether the sampling procedure was standardized and whether the authenticity of the samples was confirmed by the manufacturer or not. Its testing laboratory not only failed to obtain the accreditation of China's food inspection agencies, but also its testing methods It has been verified by many laboratories including our testing institutes that there is no international standard or national standard for this test. Therefore, there is a new way for projects that already have national standard or international standard to be interpreted as far-fetched. Therefore, the data released by the German testing agency lacks effectiveness and authority, and its acts are "separate standards, private courtesy." Quaternary ammonium compounds, chlorate compounds and chloropropanols and other substances detected in infant formula milk powder should be brought into the production process equipment or raw materials, at present, most countries and international organizations do not Set limits for these substances.

The company is located in:

Hot 12 "genetically modified salmon" in the United States market

The United States of America genetically modified salmon by the United States AquaBounty company research and development, trade name Aquadventage salmon, also known as "water salmon." The salmon is derived from the common salmon variety "Atlantic salmon" by the transfer of the auxin gene from the larger "salmon" salmon and containing the "mirabilis" antifreeze protein promoter. This genetically modified salmon grows 2-3 times faster than normal salmon while increasing feed-to-meat ratio to improve yield, productivity and reduce production costs.

The company is located in:

Through a lengthy, rigorous scientific assessment, the FDA finally determined that the salmon does not differ from non-genetically modified salmon in terms of food safety and nutrition and that its culture does not have a significant environmental impact. The salmon will still follow the existing management of genetically modified foods in the United States and will not require special labeling.

The company is located in:

The approval of the GM salmon is another milestone in the development of genetically modified foods. It marks the transition from GMO-derived foods to the human food-table into the human food chain so that biotechnology can better serve human food safety, health and sustainable development . We, who advocate and are building an innovative country, need rigorous and truth-seeking scientific attitudes while at the same time we need to break the traditional view

  • QQ咨询
  • 电话咨询
  • 13482165724
  • 021-60428394